Maida Flour is finely refined and bleached wheat flour. It is also known as refined wheat flour. It contains very less protein when compared to all the purpose flour those used in most of the food recipes in India. Maida Flour is a significant part of the baking industry. It is playing vital role in making food products that stimulates harmful effects to human health. Paratha (Parotta), Samosa, Breads and Cakes are commonly prepared using Maida flour. Maida is the major ingredient of fast foods and junk foods.
How Maida flour is made?
Maida is prepared by the extracts after separating 97% of the rich fiber for Wheat flour. Alloxan is used to bleach this extract in order to make it soft and white. The decomposed product of uric acid is known as Alloxan. Alloxan in Maida cases various health effects on human being.
Poor nutrition food Causes Health issues
As Maida is made by removing 97% of the fiber rich wheat, this refined flour has very poor nutritional value. While extracting Maida from Wheat flour, the following nutrients are removed.
- Vitamin B, E
- Beneficial Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Poor nutrition is not only the reason to avoid Maida, but also it cases very harmful side effects on human health. Food prepared with Maida as an ingredient causes three harmful side effects of Maida flour namely indigestion & constipation issues, type II diabetes and heart diseases.
1. Maida causes Indigestion & Constipation
The food products made by Maida such as Parotta and white bread have compact matrix and solid food properties. These are not rapidly digested foods. This kind of food lowers the blood response and they are not readily accessible to the digestive enzymes. Thus, Parotta, White bread, Samosa and other food products made by Maida are hard to digest by the digestive system.
Improper diet and Complex carbohydrate in the food are the major reasons for constipation. Foods made with Maida have complex carbohydrates that lead to constipation. Thus, Maida is the main ingredient to avoid in food in order to avoid constipation.
2. Maida causes Type II Diabetes
Regular consumption of foods made by Maida increases the level of glucose in blood. A human body must produce a maximum amount of Insulin in order to manage the effects caused by the refined food consumption. As mentioned earlier, Alloxan is used to improve the softness and colour of Maida. Alloxan destroys a huge amount of pancreatic beta cells in blood. The main duty of Pancreas is regulating the sugar and glucose level in human body. Thus, the utilization of Alloxan deregulates the blood sugar level in blood and damages blood cells that lead to diabetics. High pace of pancreas release by the chemical used in Maida reduces the production of insulin required to regulate the blood sugar that causes type II diabetic.
3. Maida Causes Obesity & Heart Problems
Quick weight gain and storage of fat in the body are caused by the consumption of Maida. As we all aware, these are the major reason for the heart attacks in India. The chemicals in Maida have the ability to negatively affect the natural properties of the hormones that cases rapid weight gain.
Are you still consuming food stuffs made by Maida flour?
The brief study on the side effects of Maida has emphasized that the decline of human health is the contribution of Maida. Thus, it can be considered that Maida is an imperative source that causes type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The studies have found that the intake of whole grain products like wheat flour has very less relation with Obesity. These products also lower the risk of coronary heart disease and diabetes. Moreover, the consumption of dietary fibre from whole grains and cereals reduces the risk of colorectal cancer. Thus, consumption of food prepared by wheat flour is healthier than the consumption of food stuffs prepared using Maida.
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Gowri, R., Narayanan, N., Karthick, B., Jeyakumar, S., Malathi, N., Karthika, K.S. and Jeyashanmugapriya, S. (2015). Hazards of White Poison, World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 4(8), 2733-2739